The Diaphragm in Critical Care

1.Byrd, R. (2015). Diaphragm Disorders: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology. Retrieved February 13, 2017, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/298107-overview
2.Daniel Martin, A., Smith, B. K., & Gabrielli, A. (2013). Mechanical ventilation, diaphragm weakness and weaning: A rehabilitation perspective. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 189(2), 377–383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2013.05.012
3.Demoule, A., Jung, B., Prodanovic, H., Molinari, N., Chanques, G., Coirault, C., … Jaber, S. (2013). Diaphragm Dysfunction on Admission to the Intensive Care Unit. Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Prognostic Impact—A Prospective Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 188(2), 213–219. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201209-1668OC
4.Hulzebos, E. H. J., Helders, P. J. M., Favié, N. J., De Bie, R. A., Brutel de la Riviere, A., & Van Meeteren, N. L. U. (2006). Preoperative Intensive Inspiratory Muscle Training to Prevent Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in High-Risk Patients Undergoing CABG Surgery. JAMA, 296(15), 1851. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.296.15.1851
5.Iochum, S., Ludig, T., Walter, F., Sebbag, H., Grosdidier, G., & Blum, A. G. (2002). Imaging of Diaphragmatic Injury: A Diagnostic Challenge? RadioGraphics, 22(suppl_1), S103–S116. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.22.suppl_1.g02oc14s103
6.Jaber, S., Petrof, B. J., Jung, B., Chanques, G., Berthet, J.-P., Rabuel, C., … Matecki, S. (2011). Rapidly Progressive Diaphragmatic Weakness and Injury during Mechanical Ventilation in Humans. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 183(3), 364–371. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201004-0670OC
7.Levine, S., Nguyen, T., Taylor, N., Friscia, M. E., Budak, M. T., Rothenberg, P., … Shrager, J. B. (2008). Rapid Disuse Atrophy of Diaphragm Fibers in Mechanically Ventilated Humans. New England Journal of Medicine, 358(13), 1327–1335. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa070447
8.Mendez-Tellez, P. A., & Needham, D. M. (2012). Early Physical Rehabilitation in the ICU and Ventilator Liberation. Respiratory Care, 57(10).
9.Petrof, B. J., Jaber, S., & Matecki, S. (2010). Ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 16(1), 19–25. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0b013e328334b166
10.Powers, S. K., Wiggs, M. P., Sollanek, K. J., & Smuder, A. J. (2013). Ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction: cause and effect. American Journal of Physiology – Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 305(5).
11.Spadaro, S., Grasso, S., Mauri, T., Dalla Corte, F., Alvisi, V., Ragazzi, R., … Volta, C. A. (2016). Can diaphragmatic ultrasonography performed during the T-tube trial predict weaning failure? The role of diaphragmatic rapid shallow breathing index. Critical Care (London, England), 20(1), 305. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-016-1479-y
12.Supinski, G. S., & Callahan, L. A. (2013). Diaphragm weakness in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Critical Care (London, England), 17(3), R120. https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12792
13.Out-of-bed extubation: a feasible study. (2015). Rev Bras Ter Intensiva, 27(4), 419–421. https://doi.org/10.5935/0103-507X.20150071
14.Welsford, M. (2015). Diaphragmatic Injuries: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology. Retrieved February 13, 2017, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/822999-